There are many disorders of the mouth that require clinical care by a dentist or a specialist. As is the case of periodontal diseases (PD) that refer to a set of inflammatory conditions that affect the supporting tissues of the tooth. Is a very common and dangerous disease that affects the gums and all the structures that support the tooth (bone, periodontal ligament) and if left untreated, the patient can lose your tooth.
Its main cause is the bacteria that are on the plate from the food, which if they are not removed with the brush and floss, form the calculus or dental calculus. This dental calculus becomes a hard film that irritates the gums and It forms periodontal pockets that when expanded extend to the bone and begin to destroy all the teeth.
Gingivitis: is the initial part of periodontal diseases. At this stage the gums are red, inflamed and bleed to the touch. It is the easiest stage to treat and control if the patient collaborates. Mild Periodontitis: It is the second part, if the gingivitis is not treated, already here the bone begins to totally destroy.
Advanced: This evolves if the first two are not treated, this is where the bone has an irrecoverable loss and the teeth begin to get lost.
There are others, such as puberty periodontitis, pregnancy and medication periodontitis. All with the same background. Depending on the study, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis are made.
Prevention and diagnosis
To prevent this, it is recommended to visit the dentist to indicate the procedure and treatment to be performed. Change the brush every 3 or 6 months.
A proper brushing twice a day, as well as flossing daily will help prevent periodontal disease.
A professional cleaning, every three or six months, performed by a dentist or an expert in dental hygiene will remove the plaque and tartar in areas that are difficult to reach, and that consequently are susceptible to periodontal disease.
Deep cleaning to eliminate what is causing the disease (calculation, bags, pus, among others).
Take a prudent time to perform the proper brushing and flossing.
Concienzarce as a patient, since 40% belongs to the dentist but 60% belongs to the patient.
Visit your dentist whenever you are required, since this disease needs a follow-up to be controlled.
It could include one or the following combination: Removal of plaque. Deep cleaning is used to remove plaque and infected tissue in the early stages of the disease, while smoothing the damaged surfaces of the root of the teeth.
Surgery: When the disease is advanced, the infected areas will be cleaned under the gums, and the tissues will be reformed or replaced. The types of surgery are bag reduction, regeneration procedure, and soft tissue graft and crown enlargement.